Fibromyalgia – also called Fibromyalgia Syndrome (FMS), is along-term pain condition that causes widespread pain throughout the body. The condition is more prevalent amongst women than men (around 75-90% of Fibromyalgia patients identify as women).

What are the symptoms?

While the main symptom of fibromyalgia is widespread pain, people with the condition may also experience a number of other symptoms, including:

  • Increased sensitivity to pain
  • Fatigue
  • Muscle stiffness
  • Trouble sleeping
  • Problem with mental processes, such as memory and concentration (often called fibro-fog)
  • Headaches
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Cause and treatment

The exact cause of Fibromyalgia is not known, but it is thought to be linked to abnormal levels of certain chemicals in the brain and changes in the way the Central Nervous System (CNS) processes pain messages that are carried around the body.

There is evidence that the development of the condition maybe linked to genetics. Fibromyalgia may also be triggered by experiencing a physically or emotionally traumatic event, such as:

  • An injury or infection
  • Giving birth
  • Having an operation
  • The death of a loved one
  • The breakdown of a relationship

While there is currently no known cure for fibromyalgia, there are several treatment options that are commonly used to relieve some symptoms associates with the condition. These include:

  • Medicines, such as painkillers and anti-depressants
  • Talking therapies, (e.g., cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) and counselling)
  • Lifestyle changes (e.g., exercise programmes, relaxation techniques)

Medical Cannabis and Fibromyalgia

Medical cannabis products may be a useful alternative therapy when traditional first-line treatments have been unsuccessful in relieving the symptoms associated with Fibromyalgia. There is growing evidence to support the potential of cannabis-based medicines for chronic pain management and other symptoms of fibromyalgia.

Our specialist physicians are experienced in assessing individual cases and helping to determine whether medical cannabis could be an effective option.

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