What are the symptoms?
While the main symptom of these conditions is often pain, patients often experience additional symptoms. These may include:
- Pain or burning during urination
- Urgent need to urinate
- Pain or tenderness in the abdomen
- Cloudy, bloody, or foul-smelling urine
- Low-grade fever
- Frequent need to urinate
- Difficulty passing urine
Causes and treatment
As previously stated, bladder pain may be caused by a number of different problems. For example, interstitial cystitis (IC) is a chronic condition which causes the bladder to become inflamed and irritated. IC may be caused by a defect in the bladder lining, trauma to the bladder, or spinal cord injury.
Urinary tract infection is caused when bacteria finds its way through the urethra, which connects the bladder with the outside of the body. It can affect any part of the urinary system, including the bladder, ureters, urethra, and kidneys. Another common cause of bladder pain is cancer of the bladder.
The treatment of bladder pain will vary depending on the exact cause of the pain. In addition to treatments and therapies to address the cause of the pain – such as bladder instillation, bladder retraining, and in some cases surgery – patients may also be prescribed medications to relieve the pain, including prescription painkillers, steroids, and antibiotics. In some cases, surgery or chemotherapy may also be required.