What are the symptoms?
Chronic pain can have many side effects alongside the pain itself. The three most common forms of chronic pain though are back pain, joint pain, and headaches.
Other symptoms may are also commonly experienced by patients with chronic pain. These include:
Cause and treatment
Chronic pain is often a symptom of an underlying condition. Chronic pain symptoms may need to be treated separately if the underlying condition has been treated but the chronic pain continues. This happens when there is a miscommunication between the brain and the nervous system.
Underlying conditions that are often associated with Chronic pain include:
- Surgical trauma
- Advanced cancer
- Inflammatory bowel disease
- Back pain
- Rheumatoid arthritis
There are a number of factors that can increase the likelihood of developing chronic pain, such as smoking and being overweight. Conditions such as depression and arthritis are also often linked to chronic pain.
The treatment of chronic pain can include medical and alternative therapies. The exact treatment regime will depend on the patient, the origin of the pain and the symptoms experienced.
Medical treatments for chronic pain include:
- Psychological/behaviour therapy
- Medication (anti-inflammatories, steroids, muscle relaxers, antidepressants, and opioids)
- Nerve blockers
In some cases, chronic pain may be improved with yoga, hypnosis, and acupuncture.