What are the symptoms?
In some cases, Kidney Failure may cause no signs or symptoms and may need to be detected though lab tests. However, common signs and symptoms of the condition may include:
- A reduced output of urine
- Swollen of legs, ankles, and feet
- Shortness of breath
- Drowsiness and fatigue
- Persistent nausea
Cause and treatment
A person may develop Kidney Failure if they have a condition that slows blood flow to the kidneys, or if damage is done directly to the kidneys. The condition may also occur if the kidneys’ drainage tubes (ureters) become blocked and waste becomes unable to leave the body through urine.
Conditions and diseases that may reduce blood flow to the kidneys can include (but are not limited to) blood or fluid loss, heart attack, heart disease, liver failure, anaphylaxis, and severe dehydration.
There is no cure for Kidney Failure, but treatment can often relieve symptoms and prevent the condition from worsening. Treatment will depend on how far the condition has progressed and can include:
- Lifestyle changes, including changes to diet
- Medicines – can help to manage associated problems, such as high blood pressure and high cholesterol
- Dialysis – a treatment that replicates some of the kidneys’ functions
- Kidney transplant