What are the symptoms?
The symptoms for Arthritis vary in severity and the occurrence of symptoms will depend on the type of arthritis the individual has.
The majority of forms of arthritis share similar symptoms, such as:
- Joint pain, stiffness and/or tenderness
- Joint inflammation
- Restricted movement of the joint
- Warm red skin over the joint
- Muscles weakness and wasting
Cause and treatment
Arthritis is caused by the wearing down of cartilage around the joint. Circumstances that can speed up or increase the wearing down of the cartilage include:
- Infection or injury to the joint
- Genetic predisposition
- Autoimmune disorders
Treatment options will largely depend on the individual's form of arthritis.
Treatment for osteoarthritis include:
- Maintaining a healthy weight and exercising regularly
- Paracetamol, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), steroid injections, capsaicin cream and opioids
- Hot and/or Cold compress, manual therapy and assistive devices
- Joint replacement or joint fusing
Treatment for rheumatoid arthritis include:
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), steroids and painkillers
- Biological treatments, such as etanercept and infliximab
- Occupational therapy
Exact treatments will often depend on the severity of the condition and any external factors, such as other existing conditions, age, and overall health of the patients.