What are the symptoms?
A person with PTSD often relives a traumatic event through nightmares and flashbacks; sleep problems, such as Insomnia, are also often linked to PTSD. The symptoms of PTSD are often persistent, severe, and have a significant impact on a person’s life. They may experience feelings of isolation, irritability and guilt due to the condition.
Cause and treatment
PTSD can develop immediately after a traumatic event, but in some cases, it can occur weeks, months, or even years later. While PTSD is believed to affect around 1 in 3 people who have a traumatic experience to some extent, it is not known why some people develop the condition when others do not.
The treatment of PTSD will depend on the severity of symptoms and how soon they occur after the traumatic event. They can include:
- Watchful waiting – monitoring symptoms to see if they improve or worsen without treatment
- Antidepressants – such as paroxetine ormirtazapine
- Psychological therapies – such as trauma-focusedcognitive behavioural therapies or eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing (EMDR)